AMCAT Questions asked in 2017

2. Q2 I shall not go until I am
in danger, expose to
danger, put in
Op 1: till I am invited
jeopardy, put on the line
Op 2: unless I am invited
Op 3: if not I am invited
Op 4: No improvement needed
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2

3. Q3 The dissidents hold a great
problem in every political party.
Op 1: cause
Op 2: give
Op 3: pose
Op 4: No improvement needed
Op 5:

Correct Op : 1

4. Q4 When it was feared that the serfs might go too far and
gain their freedom from serfdom, the Protestant leaders
joined the princes at crushing them.
Op 1: into crushing
Op 2: in crushing
Op 3: without crushing
Op 4: No improvement needed
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2

5. Q5 Due to these reason we are all in favour of universal
compulsory education.
Op 1: Out of these reasons
Op 2: For these reasons
Op 3: By these reasons
Op 4: No improvement needed
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2

6. Q6 I would have waited for you at the station if I knew that
you would come.
Op 1: had known
Op 2: was knowing
Op 3: have known
Op 4: No improvement needed
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
Q7 Neha was fined for careless driving.
Op 1: got fined
Op 2: fined
Op 3: was to be fined
Op 4: No improvement needed

Op 5:
Correct Op : 4

8. Q8 Whatever to our other problems, we have
no shortcoming to cheap labour in India.
Op 1: default
Op 2: deficit
Op 3: scarcity
Op 4: No improvement needed
Op 5:
Correct Op : 3
9. Q9 To get one’s name in the Rowland Ward’s book of
hunting records was the hot ambition of every serious
Op 1: extreme
Op 2: burning
Op 3: reluctant
Op 4: No improvement needed
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2
(A)The man told to her/ (B) that he had not brought
his dog/ (C) out for a
walk as he was afraid that it would rain./ (D) No error
Op 1: (A)
Op 2: (B)
Op 3: (C )
Op 4: (D)
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
(A) Hemant persisted/(B) to do it/(C) in spite of my
advice/(D) No error.
Op 1: (A)
Op 2: (B)
Op 3: (C )
Op 4: (D)
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2

(A) It is true/(B) that God helps those/(C) who helps
themselves./(D) No
Op 1: (A)
Op 2: (B)
Op 3: (C )
Op 4: (D)
Op 5:
Correct Op : 3
13. (A) She sang/ (B) very well/(C)isn’t it?./ (D) No error.
Op 1: (A)
Op 2: (B)
Op 3: (C )
Op 4: (D)
Op 5:
Correct Op : 3
14. (A) Can I lend/(B) your pencil/(C) for a minute, please ?/(D)
No error.
Op 1: (A)
Op 2: (B)
Op 3: (C )
Op 4: (D)
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
15. (A) Umesh is/(B) five years/ (C) senior than me./ (D) No
Op 1: (A)
Op 2: (B)
Op 3: (C )
Op 4: (D)
Op 5:
Correct Op : 3
16. (A) With little patience/(B) you will be able to/(C) cross this
hurdle./(D) No

Op 1: (A)
Op 2: (B)
Op 3: (C )
Op 4: (D)
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
17. (A) The retiring principal asked his old pupils/ (B) to take
the interest in the
school/(C) after he has retired./(D) No error
Op 1: (A)
Op 2: (B)
Op 3: (C )
Op 4: (D)
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2
18. (A) I had hoped to have met him yesterday/(B) to discuss
the matter with
him/(C) but he was not in his house, and so I could not meet
him./(D) No error.
Op 1: (A)
Op 2: (B)
Op 3: (C )
Op 4: (D)
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
19. (A) You will come/(B) to my party tomorrow,/ (C) isn’t it ?
/(D) No error
Op 1: (A)
Op 2: (B)
Op 3: (C )
Op 4: (D)
Op 5:
Correct Op : 3
20. (A) The meeting adjourned abruptly/(B) by the CEO
after/(C) about three
hours of deliberation./(D) No error

Op 1: (A)
Op 2: (B)
Op 3: (C )
Op 4: (D)
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
21. (A) One of the members/(B) expressed doubt if/(C) the
Minister was an
athiest./(D) No error.
Op 1: (A)
Op 2: (B)
Op 3: (C )
Op 4: (D)
Op 5:
Correct Op :
22. (A) At the end of the year/(B) every student who had done
work/(C) was automatically promoted./(D) No error.
Op 1: (A)
Op 2: (B)
Op 3: (C )
Op 4: (D)
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: frequent
Op 2: regular
Op 3: lasting
Op 4: rare
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: amused

Op 2: relaxed
Op 3: endless
Op 4: astonished
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2
Op 1: active
Op 2: mobile
Op 3: rapid
Op 4: busy
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2
Op 1: irrational
Op 2: irregular
Op 3: insistent
Op 4: irrelevent
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: dialogue
Op 2: prelude
Op 3: post script
Op 4: epigram
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2
Op 1: ethereal
Op 2: concrete
Op 3: actual

Op 4: solid
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
Op 1: pride
Op 2: humility
Op 3: conceit
Op 4: ostentious
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2

Op 1: gloomy
Op 2: inglorious
Op 3: cherubic
Op 4: affable
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2
Op 1: uxorious
Op 2: parsimonious
Op 3: carnal
Op 4: chary
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2
Op 1: skillfulness
Op 2: cunning
Op 3: inventive
Op 4: dullness
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: whimsical
Op 2: machiavellian
Op 3: impish

Op 4: serious
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: impudent
Op 2: brash
Op 3: savvy
Op 4: polite
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: emaciated
Op 2: sombre
Op 3: plump
Op 4: piquant
Op 5:
Correct Op : 3
Op 1: ingenious
Op 2: facile
Op 3: myopic
Op 4: credible
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: energetic
Op 2: confined
Op 3: minuscule
Op 4: enlisted
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1

Op 1: antidote
Op 2: intonation
Op 3: endowment
Op 4: anathema
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: seditious
Op 2: genial
Op 3: corporal
Op 4: wary
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2
Op 1: timidity
Op 2: bigotry
Op 3: likeness
Op 4: influence
Op 5:
Correct Op : 3
Op 1: informal
Op 2: verbose
Op 3: secretive
Op 4: senseless
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1

1: retribution
2: compliance
3: futility
4: establishment

Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: open
Op 2: frequent
Op 3: partial
Op 4: restrained
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: renown
Op 2: trepidation
Op 3: unconventionality
Op 4: remoteness
Op 5:
Correct Op : 3
Op 1: cheerful
Op 2: consistent
Op 3: fortunate
Op 4: shapely
Op 5:
Correct Op : 3
Op 1: ethical
Op 2: impetuous
Op 3: succinct
Op 4: lewd
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
Op 1: retrace

Op 2: distract
Op 3: curtail
Op 4: expose
Op 5:
Correct Op : 3
She used to disparage her neighbour every now and
then. (OPPOSITE)
Op 1: please
Op 2: praise
Op 3: belittle
Op 4: denigrate
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2
The leader was pragmatic in her approach to the
problem facing the
country. (OPPOSITE)
Op 1: indefinite
Op 2: vague
Op 3: idealistic
Op 4: optimistic
Op 5:
Correct Op : 3
The incessant noise of the boring machine made it
difficult for us to go to
sleep at night. (OPPOSITE)
Op 1: intermittent
Op 2: harsh
Op 3: soft
Op 4: constant
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
Ram displays enthusiasm whenever he is posed with a

Op 1: eagerness
Op 2: weakness
Op 3: indifference
Op 4: softness
Op 5:
Correct Op : 3
They had an insipid conversation. (OPPOSITE)
Op 1: lively
Op 2: argumentative
Op 3: loud
Op 4: curious
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
The members thought that the task was feasible.
Op 1: impractical
Op 2: impossible
Op 3: difficult
Op 4: impracticable
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
I abhor the ideas he sometimes expresses. (OPPOSITE)
Op 1: admire
Op 2: respect
Op 3: applaud
Op 4: appreciate
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
Like poverty, affluence can sometimes create its own
Op 1: indigence

Op 2: opulence
Op 3: sorrow
Op 4: exuberance
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
Op 1: Resurgence
Op 2: Breakthrough
Op 3: Continuation
Op 4: Combination
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2
Op 1: Invaluable
Op 2: Worthless
Op 3: Inferior
Op 4: Lowly
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2
Op 1: Aggressive
Op 2: Straightforward
Op 3: Dignified
Op 4: Supercilious
Op 5:
Correct Op : 3

1: Copious
2: Extravagant
3: Generous
4: Ostentatious

Correct Op : 2
Op 1: Frugal
Op 2: Thrifty
Op 3: Stingy
Op 4: Generous
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: Indifferent
Op 2: Troublesome
Op 3: Weak
Op 4: Unconcerned
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
Op 1: Vocation
Op 2: Pacification
Op 3: Peace
Op 4: Destruction
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2
Op 1: robust
Op 2: witty
Op 3: wan
Op 4: exotic
Op 5: creative
Correct Op : 3
Op 1: polite
Op 2: perishable
Op 3: moral
Op 4: deliberate
Op 5: stubborn
Correct Op : 1

Op 1: fiery
Op 2: clever
Op 3: intriguing
Op 4: slim
Op 5: ardent
Correct Op : 5

Op 1: rude
Op 2: ruddy
Op 3: needy
Op 4: useless
Op 5: conscious
Correct Op : 1

Op 1: effortless
Op 2: proper
Op 3: conducive
Op 4: pointed
Op 5: informative
Correct Op : 2

Op 1: bridge
Op 2: dam
Op 3: praise
Op 4: blame
Op 5: solemnity
Correct Op : 5

Op 1: youthful
Op 2: ruddy
Op 3: strong
Op 4: unravelled
Op 5: sedate
Correct Op : 5
Op 1: related
Op 2: mischievous
Op 3: respective
Op 4: pious
Op 5: violent
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: suggestive
Op 2: doubtful
Op 3: untidy
Op 4: pleasant
Op 5: bearish
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: narrowing
Op 2: prompt
Op 3: enlarging
Op 4: portentous
Op 5: sour
Correct Op : 2
Op 1: amuse

Op 2: treat honestly
Op 3: prate
Op 4: shackle
Op 5: vilify
Correct Op : 2
Op 1: achieving
Op 2: serious
Op 3: capitalistic
Op 4: sneezing
Op 5: expensive
Correct Op : 2
Op 1: various
Op 2: lacking
Op 3: benign
Op 4: pompous
Op 5: futile
Correct Op : 3
Op 1: produced by fire
Op 2: worthy
Op 3: given to questioning
Op 4: huge
Op 5: known
Correct Op : 2
Op 1: carried
Op 2: close
Op 3: permanent
Op 4: removed
Op 5: certain

Correct Op : 3
Op 1: soldier
Op 2: urchin
Op 3: surrender
Op 4: breeze
Op 5: spouse
Correct Op : 2
Op 1: revaluation
Op 2: assessment
Op 3: loss
Op 4: retaliation
Op 5: nonsense
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: calm
Op 2: cryptic
Op 3: practical
Op 4: salivary
Op 5: dishonest
Correct Op : 1
Op 1: stale
Op 2: necessary
Op 3: indifferent
Op 4: nonchalant
Op 5: vivid
Correct Op : 1
Op 1: felony
Op 2: misdeed
Op 3: indignity

Op 4: fiat
Op 5: illiteracy
Correct Op : 2
Op 1: pious
Op 2: outrageous
Op 3: anxious
Op 4: sociable
Op 5: gloomy
Correct Op : 2
Op 1: exculpate
Op 2: educate
Op 3: exonerate
Op 4: prepare
Op 5: embarrass
Correct Op : 2
Op 1: paint
Op 2: garner
Op 3: adorn
Op 4: abuse
Op 5: banish
Correct Op : 3
Op 1: garrulous
Op 2: primeval
Op 3: vigorous
Op 4: disparate
Op 5: thin
Correct Op : 5

Op 1: regenerate
Op 2: obese
Op 3: different
Op 4: hungry
Op 5: bloody
Correct Op : 2
Op 1: galvanize
Op 2: visualize
Op 3: locate
Op 4: quote
Op 5: signal
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: entertain
Op 2: transform
Op 3: turn away
Op 4: lead toward
Op 5: displease
Correct Op : 3
Pertaining to charms or magic
Op 2: Highly sensitive
Op 3: Needlessly repetitious
Op 4: Highly touchy
Op 5: Fleeting
Correct Op : 3
Op 1: Worldly
Op 2: Disarming
Op 3: Moving
Op 4: Inherent
Op 5: Seeking
Correct Op : 1

Op 1: Iridescent
Op 2: Transparent
Op 3: Translucent
Op 4: Pollutant
Op 5: Giving off an odour
Op 1: Epilogue
Op 2: Conclusion
Op 3: Peroration
Op 4: Permutation
Op 5: Percussion
Correct Op : 3
Flowers and insects
or anything lasting only for a day.
Op 1: Transitional
Op 2: Ephemeral
Op 3: Transient
Op 4: Transitory
Op 5: Monumental
Correct Op : 2
A person who readily
believes others.
Op 1: Creditable
Op 2: Credible
Op 3: Credulous
Op 4: Sensitive
Op 5: Sensible
Correct Op : 3
The liberal school of thought trusts in education reform, and
the sporadic use of force to remedy the depravity of certain
isolated individuals
or groups.
Op 1: Infrequent, irregular
Op 2: Persistent, constant

Op 3: Continuous
Op 4: Sparing
Op 5: Corrective and preventive both
Correct Op : 1
He has got a meretricious style which does not produce a lasting
Op 1: Capricious
Op 2: Whimsical
Op 3: Flamboyant
Op 4: Pretentious
Op 5: Showily attractive
Correct Op : 5
By his speech he fermented trouble in the ranks of the army.
Op 1: Quietened
Op 2: Channelized into healthy directions
Op 3: Stirred up
Op 4: Contained and suppressed
Op 5: None of these
Correct Op : 3
The environment left a deleterious effect on his health.
Op 1: Fatiguing
Op 2: Weakening
Op 3: Aesthetic
Op 4: Harmful
Op 5: Health
Correct Op : 4
The economic cataclysm which followed the industrial revolution
brought with it complex problems hitherto unknown.
Op 1: Depression
Op 2: Boom
Op 3: Regeneration
Op 4: Sudden and violent change
Op 5: Unprecedented collapse
Correct Op : 4

The agnostic demanded proof before he would accept the
statement of the secretary.
Op 1: The pessimist
Op 2: The sceptic
Op 3: Sceptic about the existence of god or any ultimate reality
Op 4: The atheist
Op 5: The altruist
Correct Op : 3
He has a propensity for getting into debt.
Op 1: natural tendency
Op 2: aptitude
Op 3: characteristic
Op 4: quality
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
The angry villagers have lynched two suspected childlifters
Op 1: beaten up
Op 2: captured
Op 3: killed
Op 4: mutilated
Op 5:
Correct Op : 3
We didn’t believe in his statement, but subsequent events proved
that he was right.
Op 1: later
Op 2: many
Op 3: few
Op 4: earlier
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
Op 1: fallible

Op 2: enthusiastic
Op 3: unsuspecting
Op 4: unrealistic
Op 5:
Correct Op : 3
His style is quite transparent.
Op 1: verbose
Op 2: involved
Op 3: lucid
Op 4: witty
Op 5:
Correct Op : 3
A person unrestrained by the rules of morality or tradition is
called a licentious person.
Op 1: libertine
Op 2: loafertype
Op 3: criminal
Op 4: freelance
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
Swift is known in the world of letters for his misogynism.
Op 1: hatred for mankind
Op 2: hatred for womankind
Op 3: love for the reasonable
Op 4: love for womankind
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2
The great dancer impressed the appreciative crowd by
her nimble movements.
Op 1: unrhythmic
Op 2: lively
Op 3: quickening
Op 4: clear
Op 5:

Correct Op : 3
She corroborated the statement of her brother.
Op 1: confirmed
Op 2: disproved
Op 3: condemned
Op 4: seconded
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
True religion does not require one to proselytise through guile or
Op 1: translate
Op 2: hypnotise
Op 3: attack
Op 4: convert
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
He is averse to the idea of holding elections now.
Op 1: convinced
Op 2: angry
Op 3: agreeable
Op 4: opposed
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
The claims of students look hollow when they attribute their poor
performance to difficulty of examination.
Op 1: infer
Op 2: impute
Op 3: inhere
Op 4: inundate
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2
Op 1: Opening

Op 2: Stodgy
Op 3: End
Op 4: Past tense of go
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
Op 1: Appreciate
Op 2: Frank
Op 3: Indulge
Op 4: Pacify
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: Lean
Op 2: Gaunt
Op 3: Emaciated
Op 4: Obese
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: Punish
Op 2: Curse
Op 3: Dismiss
Op 4: Reprimand
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: Full of confidence
Op 2: False
Op 3: Encouraging
Op 4: Provocative
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2

Op 1: Hindrance
Op 2: Repression
Op 3: Obstacle
Op 4: Restriction
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: Complain
Op 2: Comment
Op 3: Condone
Op 4: Console
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
Op 1: Far
Op 2: Removed
Op 3: Reserved
Op 4: Separate
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
Op 1: Agreements
Op 2: Contracts
Op 3: Documents
Op 4: Letters
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
Op 1: Inflexible
Op 2: Bitter
Op 3: Goodnatured
Op 4: Disguisedly sarcastic
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4

Op 1: Fast
Op 2: Slow
Op 3: Medium
Op 4: Shy
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
Find opposite………..
(A) Distant
(B) Target
(C) Reluctant
(D) Content
(E) Rap
(A) Faithful
(B) Fake
(C) Unsurpassable
(D) True
(A) Repel
(B) Evoke
(C) Bewitch
(D) Entice
(A) Whole
(B) Component
(C) Element
(D) Citizen

(A) Curb
(B) Restrain
(C) Release
(D) Stifle
G35 : J3P :: L4X : ?
(C) P4T
Meena thakur was promoted as a Manager five year back after
joining the organisation in 1986 as clerk. She stays with her
husband and children in a rented house and she does not own
any house. She was 42 years old as on 23rd april 2000
(a) The employee is to be provided with accommodation.
(b) The employee is not to be provided with accommodation.
(c) Insufficient data
(d)the employee case is to be referred to the finance.
(d)the employee case is to be referred to the finance director.
(e) the employee case is to be referred to managing director.
ans is (c)
among five friends A,B,C,D,E who is the tallest?
(1) B is taller than A, but smaller than D & E.
(2) C is smaller than B.
(a) Statement 1 alone is sufficient
(b) Statement 2 alone is sufficient
(c) Both statement put together is sufficient
(d) Both statement put together is not sufficient
(e)Either of statement is sufficient in answering the question.
ans will be d

Efficiency is all right in its place, in shop, the factory, the store.
The trouble with efficie
ncy is that it wants to rule our play as well as our work; it won’t
be content to reign in t
he shop, it follows us home
1. Efficiency can become all pervading.
2. Efficiency does not always pay.
3. Efficiency can be more of a torture than blessing.
4. none of these.
synonym of VOGUE
Q Synonym. Nominal
Q Opposite .concise
Find out error:
A)the phrase’Be the change you want(B)to see in the world’ was
(C)said through Mahatma Gandhi
d)No error
Spotting Errors

his dream of holding an exhibition into
reality when she shifted to Delhi
a)was being turning
b)had turned
c)is turning
d)will turn
He finished his novel__________ I was getting ready
__________ office.
choose the alternative to the qutationed part:
I did not go to school ‘IN”a week after an accident
Scientists believe that during initial years of theof the earth
.water bodies increa
ed in the size due to continuous rainfall
choose the alternative to the qutationed part:
in the state of kerala.
a)is most refreshing and tranquility
b)is most refresh and tranquil
c)is a most refreshing and tranquil
d)no change
Find out error:

(A) sita has a hobby of writing poems (B)whenever she had been
(C)free and in the mood of writing.
d)No error
Residents of North police have different lifestyles and
requirements thanliving
in other parts of the world.
choose the alternative to the qutationed part:
The boss was unsure as to what “TRIGGERED”the argument
between Shym and Shankar.
The petrol price has been rising for the past 5 is highly
it will decrease in the near future
choose the alternative to the qutationed part:
Rashid was “TAKEN ABACK”when he got his health reports.

choose the alternative part to the qutationed part
She “HAS LIVED” in chennai she was eight years
b)Has been Living
c)Had Stayed
d)is living
being poor , kaveen still depress more appropriately than most of
her group
Choose the alternative to the qutationed part
The appropriate atmospheric conditions made it feasible for the
astronomers to see the stars “AND THEY COULD EVEN
a)And even distinguish the sizes
b)And they were even distinguish the sizes
c)And he could even distinguish the sizes
d)And even distinguishing the sizes
Find out error?
(A) India is a vast country (B) that offers immeasurable
experiences (C) to all visitors
d)No error
Choose the alternative to quotation part
they were going home “WHEN IT WAS STARTING TO RAIN “
a)when it started to rain
b)when it was raining
c)when it is starting to rain

d)No change
Find out any error
(A) All the guests on the (B) boat got frightened(C) when they
heard the alarm
d)No Error
to be a good swimmer ,you should know how to hold your breath
for a while
a)for while
b)however since
c)in place
d)in order
There was in the country when their cricket team won the world
d) Jubliation
Arrange the correct sequence:
S1:Hi.Sandeep .hope all is well with you
S2:nonetheless.we had great fun while rafting
P:We all went for a short trip last weekend to rishikesh for
camping and rafting
Q:it was a lot of fun as we all stayed in camp at the river side
R:Everybody here is doing is great
S:there weren’t many rapids in the river this year due to less

Choose the alternate word to PREDICTION
As per weather “PREDICTION”,it will rain heavily for the next one
The interview panel asked her to wait ______Friday for the final
Find out any gramatical error or not?
(A )His Low marks in English (B) suggested that he did (C) not
know nothing (D) about the language (E) No error

Find out any grammatical error or not?
(A)Yauhan do not understand(B) the importance of money
as(C)he never had to earn himsellf
d)No error
The guest wanted to know the _______ hotel was offering him an
extra overnight stay that they promised him
To find whether there is any error or not?
A)Green home cleaning can be a tiny (B)and imperative step in
(c)balancing and preserving our nature
d)No error
Arrange the fragments of A,B,C,D,E,F in order to meaning ful
A)disappointed if
B)not fulfilled
C)do not be
E)promises are
F)friends let you down

To fing whethere there is any gramatical error or not?
(A) A salesman of that (B) comany tried to (C) cheated a naive
how many liters of a 90%solution of a concentrated acid needs to
be mixed with 75% solution of concentrated acid to get 30L
solution of 78% concentrated acid?
From the given anagrams select the odd one out
Ques 14 : Select the word or phrase which best expresses the
meaning of the given word.
Option 1 : Opening
Option 2 : Stodgy
Option 3 : End
Option 4 : Past tense of go
(A) Fatimah is a girl of principle, and she (B) would never go
against her values
(C) to get admission in that institute(C) No
find error in above stmnt

Q what is the maening of trust
Q the meaning of primal
if we permute 5 letters of the word „lemon‟ in 5! ways in how
many words vowels do not come together?
1. 120
2. 72
3. 48
4. 24
a bank advertises that you can double the money by investing it
with them for 8 years what is the interest rate offered by them?
1. 12.50%
2. 10%
3. 8.50%
4. 14%
a/b is a fraction where a
Rashid was (taken a back) when he got his health report.
Funds are Scarce, so are needed to rebuild homes destroyed by
the food.
1. patience
2. volunteers
3. workers
4. materials
1. absent

4. level
5. lname
1. Administer
Sincere people remain loyal __________ their friends in all
a) against
b) in
c) by
d) with
e) to
Q 1) All the efforts of the batsmen went ______ vain as the
blowers failed to perform w
a) in
b) on
c) for
d) off
Q2) His dream of holding an exhibition _________ into reality
when he shifted to delhi
a) was being turning
b) had turned
c) is turning
d) will turn

Q3) The guest wanted to know __________ the hotel was
offering him an extra overnight stay that they promised him
A) for
B) was
c) whether
d) as
Q 4) It was a seesaw battle but manipeet ___________ ahead in
the third round the win
a) flowed
B) Ebbed
c) perched
D) receded
Q gigantic
Q lumunious
Q invincible
Q Conceited(Meaning)
Q performance appraisal that contain _____________ criticism
are appreciated
Q absurd ? synonym
(A) Can I lend(B) your pencil(C) for a minute, please ?(D) No
ans: A

(A) The man told to her/ (B) that he had not brought his dog/ (C)
out for a walk as he was afraid that it would rain./ (D) No error
Ans: A
a writer always is having his own vision of life
1. always has
2. always had
3. always have
4.have always
5. no improvement needed
(A) i feel that mary will going (B) for the closing ceremony of (C)
the commonwealth games
no error
(A) western culture have (B) influenced many people in (C) india
in a very powerful way.
4. no
do not move towards the car as/while/until/inspite you have
finished your milk
syn and ant onrush, constituent, timid, unilateral
he finished his novel ___ i was getting ready _____ office

all the faculty members except hod _______ to the new
curriculum propose by prof. bhosin
singer from all over the world (gathered there to paying tribute)
to a legend music … alternate sentence resident of north pole
have different life style and requirements than _____ living in
other part of the world the oriental express is hyderabad bound
train from delhi and it goes ____ bhopal


chicago is widely known for its stuffed pizza and pizza pie JOINTS
HAVE ALWAYS BUSTING with innumerable people.
(a)joints which were busting
(b)joints that are always supposed to be busting
(c)joints that have always been busting
(d)no improvement needed
The success that he has gained, though striking enough, does
not, however,
commensurate . . . . the efforts made by him.
a. About
b. From
c. With
d. Beside
e. Over
It is preposterous on your part to look for a job without first
completing your education.
a. Wise
b. Imperative
c. Advisable
d. Most admirable
e. Very absurd
Diaspora (Opposite)
Q what is the opposite of hamper


The protracated illness has reduced him________skeleton

Sentence Completion

Sentence Completion

A) Juhu beach in Mumbai was filled with B)innumerable people
who had gathered there C)To see the discovered newly ancient

The institute reserves the right to make any change in the items
______ in the itienary
Heritage languages which are rich in culture are
(a) Specifically (b) Individually (c) Separately (d) Hardly
1. Pastime
2. Idleness
3. Subordinate
4. Joblessness
(A) Fishermen is (B) spotted catching on (C) the bank of the
1. (A)
2. (B)

3. (C)
4. No error
Spotting Errors
1. Specifically
2. Individually
4. Hardly
Select the correct alternative.
Many (peoples of world keep) procrastinating and then they lose
in the end.
1. Many people in the world keeps
2. Many people in world keep
3. Many people in the world keep
4. No improvement needed
Find Grammatical error.
Q (A) Widespread use of internet has created (B) a panic in the
music industry, which face a problem (C) of lesser sales, as more
of its customers get their desired music files from the internet,
free of cost.
1. (A)
2. (B)
3. (C)
4. No error
Spotting Errors
after being promoted. she is not bothered____the office gossip
about her private life.
1. for
2. in
3. from
4. by
His recent success_____him more arrogant than what he used to


have make him
has made
was making

One Word Substitution
Find grammatical error.
A) Big brands like Sony, Samsung and (B) Nokia have been
launched many phones having latest (C) features like facebook
application, orkut tool and much more.
1. (A)
3. (C)
4. No error
The great epics of ancient India took shape in the course of
several hundred years, an
d________ , many additions were made to them.
1. following
2. then
3. subsequently
4. otherwise
One Word Substitution
Radha did not get a promotion________ her consistent
performance throughout the year.
Q antonym of premeditated
Q antonym of advent
Q antonym of affable

Q antonym of arrogant
Q synonym of hinder
Q synonym of shabby
Q synonym of conceited
Excessive amounts of mercury in drinking water, associated with
certain types of industrial pollution have been shown to cause
Hobsons disease. Island L has an economy based entirely on
subsistence level agriculture modern industry of any kind is
unknown. The inhabitants of Island L have unusually high
incidence of Hobsons disease.
a)Mercury in drinking water is actually perfectly safe
b)Mercury in drinking water must have sources other than
industrial pollution
c)Hobsons disease must have causes other than mercury in
drinking water
d)Both options (1) and (2)
e)Both options (3) and (2)
One Word Substitution
New concerns about growing religious tension in north india
were______ this week after fifity people were killed and hundreds
were arrested in riots between hindu and musilm

A)Guilt and Self pleasure are B)two most strong drivers C)of any
human act
Spotting Errors
1. The leaves _______________ yellow and dry
a. Were
b. Had
c. Being
d. Was
2. Nothing ____________ convinced her to cancel her trip to goa
a. Was going to
b. Could have
c. Could
d. Will have
3. He had no interest in _________________ obligatory dinners
and social events
a. Attend
b. Attending
c. Attends
d. Attend to
4. There was __________ in the country when their cricket team
won the world cup
a. Happiness
b. Energy
c. Shock
d. Jubilation
5. The experiment lead to the emission of _____________ vapor,
which resulted in immediate termination of the research
a. Noxious

b. Nontoxic
c. Innocuous
d. Bland
6. Salim could not make it to the party as he ___________to
finish his assignment
a. Had
b. Has
c. Have
d. Want
Sentence Completion
A contract must be honoured. You cannot _______ on it.
One Word Substitution
A)India is a vast country B)that offers immersuarble experiences
C)to all visitors
error in
he worked really hard thus____to be promoted

The glass lay_________ on the table
a)not touch
d)not touch

One Word Substitution
we need to call this mounika
(A)yauhan do not understand
(B)the importance of money as
(C)he never had to earn himself
Spotting Errors
Sunita has flair ____ music.
transient (Opposite)
For as long as she could remembered ,Divya has “loved to
cook,to dance , and until her poor vision made it impossible for
her to do so”,reading books.
a)cooking ,dancing and until her poor vision made it impossible
for her to do so sorry one option only i remember
Spotting Errors
The company _________ increase her salary before appraisal
a)was being refused
b)refused to
c)refused of

d)refuse to
The fire fighting team reached the venue quickly and
extinguished the fire ______savin
g many life.
Spotting Errors
a)Farmfare was the largest rage b)on social networking sites
these day and c)has a big f
an following
a error
b error
c error
no error
A)Shalini win the race b)as she practiced too hard c)for the
a error
b error
c error
no error
It is preposterous on your part to look for a job without first
completing your educatio
a. Wise b. Imperative c. Advisable d. Most admirable e. Very
Select the word or phrase which best expresses the meaning of
the given word. : VENT
Op 1: Opening
Op 2: Stodgy

Op 3: End
Op 4: Past tense of go
Op 5:
Correct Op : 1
elect the word or phrase which best expresses the meaning of the
given word. : ADMON
Op 1: Punish
Op 2: Curse
Op 3: Dismiss
Op 4: Reprimand
Op 5:
Correct Op : 4
According to recent study , in the local municipal election ,the
candidate who interacts more with the resident welfare
association and wins theirs trust will get the maximum name
recognition in the election.
a)Local residence welfare association are the most important
factor in election in city.
b)Maximum name recognition will help the candidate wins a
higher % of votes during election.
c)Resident welfare association exert a lot of influence over the
voting population residing in city.
d)For maximum name recognition a candidate need not spend a
lot of money on poster, banner and add campaigns
Skeptics argue the flying saucers and UFOS that are beleived to
be guided by extraterristial begins or aliens are creation of human
imagination.They have demonstrated that number of photo that
apperently show flying saucer are either phony (or) are mis
interpreted image of earthly or natural object such as aeroplane
or metors.How ever there are scientist who have also contributed
plenty of evidence and arrested that aliens do exist.

a)Lack of crediability of photo evidence should be taken as proof
of nonexistence of aliens.
b)While the existence of flying saucer and UFOS has been denied
,the possibility of alien being still a reality
c)UFOS and flying saucers ,its a reality are of same shape and
size of a alien and ufos.
d)The fact that a number of photo of flying saucers are fake
cannot disapprove the existence of alien and UFOS
The company encourages its manager to interact regularly
,without preset agenda,to discuss issue concerning the company
and society.This idea has been borrowed from the ancient indian
concept of religion congregation,called sastany.Designation are
forgetten during these meetings;hence it is not uncommon in
these meetings to find a management trainee questioning the
managing director on some corporate policy or his knowledge of
a)The company concerned about it reputation with it employee
b)The company beleives in fostering the spirit of dialouge without
degenerating it into
a positioning based debate.
c)The company had some inter personnel
problems in the past due to which it felt the
head for these corporate sastangs.
d)all of the above
Q all the history books belonging to the mughal period have
been.——- from
sanskrit to
A transferred
B dictated
C translated
D dubbed
Q Sacrificing means referring to
a)killing merit
b)selection on the basis of merit
c)encouraging reservation

Q Egalitarian means?
option:a)characterized by beleif in equality of all people
B))characterized by beleif inequality of all people.
c)another word for reservation.
a. liquid : pint b. weight : scale
c. ton : iron d. well : water
Q what it mean??
Every cloud has silver lining
Sentence Arrangement
A firework suddenly . . . unexpectedly.
(1) fired off (2) went off
(3) blew off (4) broke up
(1) liquid : pint (2) weight : scale
(3) ton : iron (4) well : water
Sentence Arrangement
(1) stimulate (2) curb
(3) allay (4) redress
(1) puzzle (2) orthodox
(3) sink (4) gratitude
Q opposite of discreet ,
Sentence Completion
i want ramesh and she to be the captain for the rest of the year.
a her to be the captains for the rest of the year.

b she to be the captain for the rest of the year.
c her as the captains for the rest of the year.
d she both be captains for the rest of the year.
One Word Substitution
anybody wants to come with me ?
a does anybody want to come with me ?
b is anybody want to come with me ?
c anybody want to come with me ?
d anybody wants to come with me ?
Spotting Errors
it took me a while to _______ to the new job
a adapt
b refresh
c renew
d dismiss
One Word Substitution
these clothes are very nice,but the are terribly
a ugly
b overpriced
c desired
d adorable
This brand of TV is quite inferior_____ that one.
A) than
B) to
C) with
D) over

One Word Substitution
The stenographer is very efficient. He is ______ to his firm.
A) an asset
B) a credit
C) a blessing
D) a boon

Q synonym of musty
Q antonym of ignite

Spotting Errors
My accountant advised me that one of the best way to _____
paying taxes was to set u
p an offshore bank account.
a get away with
b get by with
c get down to
d get around
Either the committee on course design or the committee on
college operations ______
these matters.
a decide
b decide on
c decide in
d decides
One Word Substitution
We were no _____ than a man _______ in his own house.
a more shy , will be
b less shy , would be
c shyer , would be
d more shyer , would have been
One Word Substitution
i______ just one proper meal since yesterday morning.
a had
b ate
c have had
d would have eaten
(A) The whole thing moves/ (B) around the concept of building a
small dynamic/(C) org

anization into a larger one. / (D) No error.
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
Spotting Errors
Countries which still undergoing the economic processes know as
developing countries
a) Were, are
b) Are, were
c) Are, are
d) Is, are
e) Are ,is
Select the word which is OPPOSITE in the meaning of the given
a) Reliable
b) Honest
c) Prudent
d) Stupid
Opposite meaning of ENDORSE
Ques : Choose the correct answer
Parul takes as input two numbers: a and b. a and b can take
integer values between 0 a
nd 255. She stores a, b and c as 1byte
data type. She writes the following code statem
ent to process a and b and put the result in c.
c = a + 2*b
To her surprise her program gives the right output with some
input values of a and b,
while gives an erroneous answer for others. For which of the
following inputs will it give
a wrong answer?
Option 1 : a = 10 b = 200
Option 2 : a = 200 b = 10
Option 3 : a = 50 b = 100

Option 4 : a = 100 b = 50
Ques : Choose the correct answer
A new language has 15 possible letters, 8 different kinds of
punctuation marks and a blank character. Rahul wants to create
two data types, first one which could store the letters of the
language and a second one which could store any character in the
The number of bits required to store these two datatypes
will respectively be:
Option 1 : 3 and 4
Option 2 : 4 and 3
Option 3 : 4 and 5
Option 4 : 3 and 5
Ques 5 : Choose the correct answer
Rajni wants to create a datatype for the number of books in her
book case. Her shelf can accommodate a maximum of 75 books.
She allocates 7 bits to the datatype. Later another shelf is added
to her bookcase. She realizes that she can still use the same
datatype for storing the number of books in her bookcase. What
is the maximum possible capacity of her new added shelf?
Option 1: 52
Option 2: 127
Option 3: 53
Option 4: 75
Ques 4 : Choose the correct answer A 10bit unsigned integer has
the following range:
Option 1 : 0 to 1000
Option 2 : 0 to 1024
Option 3 : 1 to 1025
Option 4 : 0 to 1023

Ques 3 : Choose the correct answer
A language has 28 different letters in total. Each word in the
language is composed of maximum 7 letters. You want to create
a datatype to store a word of this language. You decide to store
the word as an array of letters. How many bits will you assign to

the datatype to be able to store all kinds of words of the
Option 1 : 7
Option 2 : 35
Option 3 : 28
Option 4 : 196

Ques. Select the option that is most nearly OPPOSITE in meaning
to the given word . :
Op 1: foolish
Op 2: bitter
Op 3: voracious
Op 4: veracious
Op 5: fallacious
Correct Op : 1

Ques. Select the word or phrase which fits each definition. : A
person who readily believes others.
Op 1: Creditable
Op 2: Credible
Op 3: Credulous
Op 4: Sensitive
Op 5: Sensible
Correct Op : 3

Ques. Select the word or phrase which best expresses the
meaning of the given word. :

Op 1: Wild
Op 2: Hungry
Op 3: Angry
Op 4: Quick
Op 5:
Correct Op : 2

Q. Directions: In the following question a part of the sentence is
underlined. Beneath each sentence there are four ways of
phrasing the underlined part. Choose the answer that expresses
most effectively what is presented in the original sentence. The
boss was very displeased for my conduct.
(1) on my conduct
(2) to my conduct
(3) at my conduct
(4) in my conduct
pick one odd word from these words
find the odd out of the following
The Indian government‟s intention of introducing caste based
quotas for the “Other Backward Classes” in centrally funded
institutions of higher learning and the prime minister‟s suggestion
to the private sector to „voluntarily go in for reservation‟, has
once again sparked off a debate on the merits and demerits of
caste-based reservations. Unfortunately, the predictable divide

between the votaries of “social justice” on one hand and those
advocating “merit” on the other seems to have once again
camouflaged the real issues. It is necessary to take a holistic and
non-partisan view of the issues involved.
The hue and cry about “sacrificing merit” is untenable simply
because merit is after all a social construct and it cannot be
determined objectively in a historically unjust and unequal
context. The idea of competitive merit will be worthy of serious
attention only in a broadly egalitarian context. But then, caste is
not the only obstacle in the way of an egalitarian order.
After all, economic conditions, educational opportunities and
discrimination on the basis of gender also contribute to the denial
of opportunity to express one‟s true merit and worth. It is
interesting to note that in the ongoing debate, one side refuses to
see the socially constructed nature of the notion of merit, while
the other side refuses to recognise the multiplicity of the
mechanisms of exclusion with equal vehemence.
The idea of caste-based reservations is justified by the logic of
social justice. This implies the conscious attempt to restructure a
given social order in such a way that individuals belonging to the
traditionally and structurally marginalised social groups get
adequate opportunities to actualise their potential and realise
their due share in the resources available.
In any society, particularly in one as diverse and complex as the
Indian society, this is going to be a gigantic exercise and must
not be reduced to just one aspect of state policy. Seen in this
light, caste-based reservation has to work in tandem with other
policies ensuring the elimination of the structures of social
marginalisation and denial of access. It has to be seen as a
means of achieving social justice and not an end in itself. By the
same logic it must be assessed and audited from time to time like
any other social policy and economic strategy.
Hence, it is important, to discuss reservation in the holistic
context of much required social restructuring and not to convert it

into a fetish of „political correctness‟. Admittedly, caste remains a
social reality and a mechanism of oppression in Indian society.
But can we say that caste is the only mechanism of oppression?
Can we say with absolute certainty that poverty amongst the socalled upper castes has been eradicated? Can we say that the
regions of Northeast, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh are on par with the
glittering metros of Delhi and Mumbai? Can we say that a pupil
from a panchayat school in Bihar is equipped to compete with an
alumnus of Doon School on an equal footing, even if both of them
belong to the same caste group? One of my students once
remarked that he was regularly compelled to swim across a
rivulet in order to reach his school, and the rivulet in question did
not distinguish between Brahmins and dalits. Incidentally, this
young man happens to be a Brahmin by birth! Can we also say
that gender plays no role in denial of social opportunities? After
all, this society discriminates against girls even before they are
born. What to talk of access or opportunities, they‟re denied birth
itself. Such discrimination exists across religious and caste lines.
2)What is the author most likely agree with?
a.caste based reservation
b.gender based reservation
c.there is no solution to bridge the gap b/w privileged and under
3)word ‘Egalitarian’ mean
a)characterized by belief in the equality of the people
b)characterized by belief in the inequality of the people
c)another word for reservations

The great event of the New York cultural season of 1882 was the
visit of the sixty twoy Earold English philosopher and social
commentator Herbert Spencer. Nowhere did Spencer have a
larger or more enthusiastic following than in the United States,

where such works as “Social Statics” and “The Data of Ethics”
were celebrated as powerful justifications for laissez-faire
capitalism. Competition was preordained; its result was progress;
and any institution that stood in the way of individual liberties
was violating the natural order. “Survival of the fittest”—a phrase
that Charles Darwin took from Spencer—made free competition a
social as well as a natural law. Andrew Carnegie admired Spencer
enormously and attributed to him the decisive metaphysical
epiphany of his life: “I remember that light came as in a flood and
all was clear. . . . I had found the truth of evolution. „All is well
since all grows better‟ became my motto, my true source of
comfort.” Thanks to Spencer, Victorian capitalists knew that
nature was on their side. Spencer had not come to America to
give lectures or to boost his book sales. He detested public
speaking, and he no longer needed money, thanks to the
immense popularity of his books. A lifelong hypochondriac, he
had come for his health, to reinvigorate his “greatly disordered
nervous system,” and he withstood all inducements to what he
called “social excitement.” But the press of distinguished
American Spencerians was too great to resist, and he agreed to a
farewell banquet at Delmonico‟s on November 9th. Senators,
captains of industry, and professors were there in force, vying
with each other in the fulsomeness of their praise. The former
Secretary of State William Evarts said that Spencer was the
smartest man in the world: “We recognize in the breadth of your
knowledge, such knowledgeas is useful to your race, a greater
comprehension than any living man has presented to our
generation.” The Union Army general Carl Schurz declared that
there would have been no Civil War if the South had been
adequately instructed in Spencer‟s principles of individual liberty.
And the president of Columbia, Frederick Barnard, announced
that Herbert Spencer was “not only the profoundest thinker of our
time, but the most capacious and most powerful intellect of all
time.” The Delmonico‟s dinner, however, ended in disaster.
Instead of graciously bathing in the torrents of tribute, Spencer
told his admirers that they had got him seriously wrong. He did
not approve of the culture of American capitalism, and, while he
admired its material achievements, he was concerned that, for
Americans, work had become a pathological obsession. Americans
were endangering their mental and physical health through
overwork, and many were turning gray before their time—ten
years earlier than the British, Spencer believed. America needed

“a revised ideal of life,” he said, and it was time to “preach the
gospel of relaxation.” He went on, “Life is not for learning, nor is
life for working, but learning and working are for life.” Having
administered that slap to the face of national virtue, Spencer
steamed off back to England. Spencer was, arguably, the single
most influential systematic thinker of the nineteenth century, but
his influence, compared with that of Darwin, Marx, or Mill, was
shortlived. In 1937, the Harvard sociologist Talcott Parsons
asked, “Who now reads Spencer?” Seventy years later, the
question remains pertinent, even if no one now reads Talcott
Parsons, either. In his day, Spencer was the greatest of
philosophical hedgehogs: his popularity stemmed from the fact
that he had one big, easily grasped idea and a mass of more
particular ideas that supposedly flowed from the big one. The big
idea was evolution, but, while Darwin applied it to species
change, speculating about society and culture only with
reluctance, Spencer saw evolution working everywhere. “This law
of organic progress is the law of all progress,” he wrote, “whether
it be in the development of the Earth, in the development of Life
upon its surface, in the development of Society, of Government,
of Manufactures, of Commerce, of Language, Literature, Science,
[or] Art.” Spencer has been tagged as a social Darwinist, but it
would be more correct to think of Darwin as a biological
Spencerian. Spencer was very well known as an evolutionist long
before Darwin‟s “On the Origin of Species” was published, in
1859, and people who had limited interest in the finches of the
Galápagos had a great interest in whether the state should
provide for the poor or whether it was right to colonize India.
William James once ungenerously remarked that Spencer was
“the philosopher whom those who have no other philosopher can
appreciate.” He was appropriated by a wide variety of readers,
often with conflicting agendas—free marketeers, positivists,
Indian and Japanese nationalists. They all had their
understandings of Spencer and they all differed. Mark Francis, in
“Herbert Spencer and the Invention of Modern Life” (Cornell;
$45)—the first fullscale intellectual biography of Spencer since J.
D. Y. Peel‟s fine “Herbert Spencer: The Evolution of a Sociologist”
(1971)—is determined to put an end to the confusion. He thinks
that he has discovered the philosophical grounds of Spencer‟s
true coherence, and he hands out academic demerits to the
commentators who have missed the underlying unities of
Spencer‟s scientific, philosophical, ethical, psychological,

sociological, and political writings. Still, for the most part the
misreaders should be forgiven. Over almost half a century of
furious writing, Spencer continually reworked and reconfigured
his views, copying and pasting chunks of text from the eighteen
fifties into volumes published in the eighteen seventies and
eighties. How, then, to get Spencer right? One suggestion comes
from Spencer himself: if you want to understand the origin and
lineage of his ideas, you should understand where he came from
and how he was formed. He put his immense talent and energy
into his philosophical and political works but his genius into his
“Autobiography,” a work more than a thousand pages long, on
which he labored intermittently during the last two decades of his
life. This is where Spencer wished people to go when they wanted
to grasp how his philosophical system came to be and how its
parts related to one another.
1)according to author y was spencer so popular in 19th century
a)he supported capitalism
b)he extended drawns theory of evaluation in the large extend
c)he had 1 broad and sinple idea and many specific idea followed
from it
d)he was a friend of parsons
2)what must have been the most likely response/reaction of
newyork audience
to spencer’s talk in 1882?
Sixty years ago, on the evening of August 14, 1947, a few hours
before Britain‟s Indian Empire was formally divided into the
nationstates of India and Pakistan, Lord Louis Mountbatten and
his wife, Edwina, sat down in the viceregal mansion in New Delhi
to watch the latest Bob Hope movie, “My Favorite Brunette.”
Large parts of the subcontinent were descending into chaos, as
the implications of partitioning the Indian Empire along religious
lines became clear to the millions of Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs
caught on the wrong side of the border. In the next few months,
some twelve million people would be uprooted and as many as a

million murdered. But on that night in midAugust the bloodbath—
and the fuller consequences of hasty imperial retreat—still lay in
the future, and the Mountbattens probably felt they had earned
their evening‟s entertainment. Mountbatten, the last viceroy of
India, had arrived in New Delhi in March, 1947, charged with an
almost impossible task. Irrevocably enfeebled by the Second
World War, the British belatedly realized that they had to leave
the subcontinent, which had spiralled out of their control through
the nineteenforties. But plans for brisk disengagement ignored
messy realities on the ground. Mountbatten had a clear remit to
transfer power to the Indians within fifteen months. Leaving India
to God, or anarchy, as Mohandas Gandhi, the foremost Indian
leader, exhorted, wasn‟t a political option, however tempting.
Mountbatten had to work hard to figure out how and to whom
power was to be transferred. The dominant political party, the
Congress Party, took inspiration from Gandhi in claiming to be a
secular organization, representing all four hundred million
Indians. But many Muslim politicians saw it as a party of upper
caste Hindus and demanded a separate homeland for their
hundred million coreligionists, who were intermingled with
nonMuslim populations across the subcontinent‟s villages, towns,
and cities. Eventually, as in Palestine, the British saw partition
along religious lines as the quickest way to the exit. But sectarian
riots in Punjab and Bengal dimmed hopes for a quick and
dignified British withdrawal, and boded ill for India‟s assumption
of power. Not surprisingly, there were some notable absences at
the Independence Day celebrations in New Delhi on August 15th.
Gandhi, denouncing freedom from imperial rule as a “wooden
loaf,” had remained in Calcutta, trying, with the force of his moral
authority, to stop Hindus and Muslims from killing each other. His
great rival Mohammed Ali Jinnah, who had fought bitterly for a
separate homeland for Indian Muslims, was in Karachi, trying to
hold together the precarious nationstate of Pakistan.Nevertheless,
the significance of the occasion was not lost on many. While the
Mount battens were sitting down to their Bob Hope movie, India‟s
constituent assembly was convening in New Delhi. The moment
demanded grandiloquence, and Jawaharlal Nehru, Gandhi‟s
closest disciple and soon to be India‟s first Prime Minister,
provided it. “Long years ago, we made a tryst with destiny,” he
said. “At the stroke of the midnight hour, while the world sleeps,
India will awaken to life and freedom. A moment comes, which
comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the

new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long
suppressed, finds utterance.”Posterity has enshrined this speech,
as Nehru clearly intended. But today his quaint phrase “tryst with
destiny” resonates ominously, so enduring have been the political
and psychological scars of partition. The souls of the two new
immediately found utterance in brutal enmity. In Punjab, armed
vigilante groups, organized along religious lines and incited by
local politicians, murdered countless people, abducting and raping
thousands of women. Soon, India and Pakistan were fighting a
war—the first of three—over the disputed territory of Kashmir.
Gandhi, reduced to despair by the seemingly endless cycle of
retaliatory mass murders and displacement, was shot dead in
January, 1948, by a Hindu extremist who believed that the father
of the Indian nation was too soft on Muslims. Jinnah, racked with
tuberculosis and overwork, died a few months later, his dream of
a secular Pakistan apparently buried with him. Many of the seeds
of postcolonial disorder in South Asia were sown much earlier, in
two centuries of direct and indirect British rule, but, as book after
book has demonstrated, nothing in the complex tragedy of
partition was inevitable. In “Indian Summer” (Henry Holt; $30),
Alex von Tunzelmann pays particular attention to how
negotiations were shaped by an interplay of personalities. Von
Tunzelmann goes on a bit too much about the Mount battens‟
open marriage and their connections to various British royals,
toffs, and fops, but her account, unlike those of some of her
fellow British historians, isn‟t filtered by nostalgia. She
summarizes bluntly the economic record of the British overlords,
who, though never as rapacious and destructive as the Belgians
in the Congo, damaged agriculture and retarded industrial growth
in India through a blind faith in the “invisible hand” that
supposedly regulated markets. Von Tunzelmann echoes Edmund
Burke‟s denunciation of the East India Company when she terms
the empire‟s corporate forerunner a “beast” whose “only object
was money”; and she reminds readers that, in 1877, the year
that Queen Victoria officially became Empress of India, a famine
in the south killed five million people even as the Queen‟s viceroy
remained adamant that famine relief was a misguided policy.
Politically, too, British rule in India was deeply conservative,
limiting Indian access to higher education, industry, and the civil
service. Writing in the New York Tribune in the mid nineteenth
century, Karl Marx predicted that British colonials would prove to

be the “unconscious tool” of a “social revolution” in a
subcontinent stagnating under “Oriental despotism.” As it turned
out, the British, while restricting an educated middle class,
empowered a multitude of petty Oriental despots. ( In 1947,
there were five hundred and sixty five of these feudatories, often
called maharajas, running states as large as Belgium and as small
as Central Park.)
1)in the view of author what is the phrase “tryst with destiny”
symbolize today?
a)a celebration of indian independence
b)an inspirational quote
c)a reminder of gandhi’s assassination
d) a symbol of ills of partion
2)why was gandhi assassinated?
a)bcoz he was favouring muslims
b)his assassin thought he was partial to muslims
c)he got killed in the violence after partition
d)none of above
3)what does the author imply about the future of pakistan?
a)it becomes a secular country
b)it becomes unsecular
c)it is unprosperous
d)it becomes arough state
4)the author persists on taking about the “Bob hope movie” in
article. y?
a)bcoz the movie was classin on 1947
b)he thinks it caused the partion of subcontinent
c)he uses it to show the apathy of britishers to subcontinent
d)it was mountbatten’s favourite movie

SINCE the late 1970s when the technology for sex determination
first came into being, sex selective abortion has unleashed a saga
of horror. Experts are calling it “sanitised barbarism”.
Demographic trends indicate the country is fast heading towards

a million female foetuses aborted each year. Although foetal sex
determination and sex selection is a criminal offence in India, the
practice is rampant. Private clinics with ultrasound machines are
doing brisk business. Everywhere, people are paying to know the
sex of an unborn child. And paying more to abort the female
child. The technology has even reached remote areas through
mobile clinics. Dr. Puneet Bedi, obstetrician and specialist in
foetal medicine, says these days he hardly sees a family with two
daughters. People are getting sex determination done even for
the first child, he says. Spreading like a virusA recent media
workshop on the issue of sex selection and female foeticide
brought home the extent of the problem. Held in Agra in
February, the workshop was organised by UNICEF, Business
Community Foundation, and the Centre for Advocacy and
Research. Doctors, social scientists, researchers, activists,
bureaucrats, journalists told their stories of what they were doing
to fight the problem. If the 1991 Census showed that two districts
had a child sex ratio (number of girls per thousand boys) less
than 850; by 2001 it was 51 districts. Child rights activist Dr.
Sabu George says foeticide is the most extreme form of violence
against women. “Today a gil is several times more likely to be
eliminated before birth than die of various causes in the first
year. Nature intended the womb to be a safe space. Today,
doctors have made it the most unsafe space for the female child,”
he says. He believes that doctors must be held responsible —
“They have aggressively promoted the misuse of technology and l
egitimised foeticide.”Researchers and scholars use hardhitting
analogy to emphasise the extent of the problem. Dr. Satish
Agnihotri, senior IAS officer and scholar who has done extensive
research on the issue, calls the technology “a weapon of mass
destruction”. Dr. Bedi refers to it as genocide: “More than 6
million killed in 20 years. That’s the number of Jews killed i
n the Holocaust.” Related issues Foeticide is also one of the most
common causes of maternal mortality. The sex of the foetus can
be determined only around 1416 weeks. This means most sex
selective abortions are late. Abortion after 20 weeks is illegal in
India. Donna Fernandes, Vimochana, a Bangalorebased
NGO, says foeticide is related to a host of other social problems
as varied as privatisation of medical education and dowry.
Karnataka has the highest number of private medical colleges.
Healthcare turning commodity has led to terrifying consequences.
Adds Fernandes, “Wherever green revolution has happened

foeticide has increased. With more landholdings and wealth
inheritance dowry has increased. Daughters are considered an
economic liability. Today, people don’t want their daughters to
study higher — a more well educated groom will demand more
dowry.” Ironically, as income levels increase, sex determination
and sex selection is increasing. The most influential pockets have
the worst sex ratios. Take Punjab for instance — 793 girls for
every 1,000 boys against the national figure of 927. Or South
Delhi — one of the most affluent localities of the Capital — 760.
According to Satarabased advocate Varsha Deshpande, small
families have come at the cost of the girl child. In patriarchal
States like Rajasthan where infanticide has existed for centuries,
this new technology has many takers. Meena Sharma, 27,
television journalist from Rajasthan, who did a series of sting
operations across four States last year, says, “Today, people
want to pretend they are modern and that they do not
discriminate between a girl and a boy. Yet, they will not hesitate
to quietly go to the next village and get an ultrasound done.”
Sharma was determined to expose the widespread malpractice.
She travelled with pregnant women as “decoys” across four
States and more than 13,000 km to do a series of sting
operations. She says more than 100 doctors of the 140 they met
were ready to do a sex selective abortion, some as late as the
seventh month. “We were shocked at the greed we saw —
doctors did not even ask why we wanted to abort, far from
dissuading us from doing so,” she says.
What’s the solution? Varsha Deshpande says the PCPNDT Act
(PreConception and PreNatal Diagnostic Techniques — Regulation
and Prevention of Misuse) is very well conceived and easy to use.
“We have done 17 sting operations across Maharashtra and got
action taken against more than 25 doctors,” says Varsha. She
adds that other laws for violence against women such as dowry,
domestic violence, rape, put the control in the hands of the police
which is biased. Therefore, even though the law exists, offenders
get away. This law preventing sex determination and sex
selection is much easier to use, she says. Regulating technology
Akhila Sivadas, Centre for Advocacy and Research, Delhi, agrees
that the law is very well conceived and the need of the hour is
legal literacy to ensure the law is implemented. “The demand and
supply debate has been going on for some time. Doctors say
there is a social demand and they are only fulfilling it. They argue
that social attitudes must change. However, in this case supply

fuels demand. Technology will have to be regulated. Technology
in the hands of greedy, vested interests, cannot be neutral. There
is a law to prevent misuse and we must be able to use it,” she
says. CFAR is currently partnering with local NGOs in six districts
of Rajasthan to help ensure implementation of the law. On the
“demand” side, experts such as Dr. Agnihotri argue that women’s
participation in workforce, having disposable incomes and making
a contribution to larger society will make a difference to how
women are seen. Youth icons and role models such as Sania
Mirza are making an impact, he says. Others feel there needs to
be widespread visible contempt and anger in society against
this “genocide” — “the kind we saw against the Nithari killings,”
says Dr. Bedi. “Today nobody can say female foeticide is not their
problem.” Time we all did our bit to help save the girl child.
Time’s running out.

1)what does the word ‘sanitised’ imply in the 1st para of
a) unforgivable
b) legtimate
c) free from dirt
d) none of these
2)which to people suggest 2 similar problem
a) agnihotri and george
b) bedi and agnihotri
c) george and bedi
d) george and sivadas
3)which demand does the author refer to in para 5
a)demand for principled doctor
b)demand for high income jobs for women
c)demand for youths
d)demand for sex determination and demand

Rohit brushed quickly past an elderly woman waiting on the
platform ahead of him to get onto the metro. He wanted to be
sure to get a seat to read his Economic Times. As the train rolled
out of the station, he lifted his head from the newspaper and
stared at the man directly across from him.
A tsunami of antipathy me over him. Rohit knew this man, knew
him all too well.
Their eyes locked. As the train readied full speed, the ruckus of
speeding wheels against the winding rails and a wildly gyrating
subway car filled Rohit’s ears. To this frenetic beat Rohit
effortlessly listed in his head all the reasons this man,whose eyes
he stared coldly into, was an anathema to him. He had climbed
the upper echelons of his firm using an imperious manner with
his subordinates, always making sure everyone knew he was the
boss. Despite his impoverished upbringing, he had become
ostentatious. Flush with cash from the lucrative deals he had
made, he had purchased a yacht and a home in Mumbai. He used
neither. But, oh, how he liked to say he had them. Meanwhile,
Rohit knew, this
man’s parents were on the verge of being evicted from their
rundown tenement apartment in Allahabad. What bothered Rohit
most about this man was that he never even attempted to make
amends for his evil ways. Could this man hange? Rohit did not
know. He could try though. The train screeched to Rohit„s stop.
He gave the man one last hard look. „See you around,” he
mumbled to himself. And he knew he would, because Rohit had
been glaring at his own reflection in the glass in the metro. It
would take years of hard work and therapy, but Rohit would one
day notice this man again on the train and marvel at what a
kinder person he had become.
1.qn..why did a tsunami Of antipathy come over R0hlt?
1.Because he was angry at himself and unable to stand looking at
2.Because the man sitting across him was his former boss who
treated him badly
3.Because he wanted to read his newspaper and not be
disturbed, especially
by someone he disliked
4.Because the guy sitting across him was financially better off
than Rohit

2. qn..What does it mean to have an imperious manner with
1.To ignore them
2.To be stoic around them
3.To openly humiliate them
4.To not be affected by them
5.To be domineering towards them
3. qn.. which statement makes most sense from what is said in
1.Rohit has few friends
2.Rohit knows himself well
3.Rohit has had a difficult life
4.Rohit is incapable of change
4.qn.. what was the biggest reason (stated or implied) for Rohit
disliking the man in the metro?
1. The man was known to be extremely rude and domineering
especially with his subordinates
2.The man was remorseless and had not made any effort to
reform himself for the better
3.The man rid not bother to take care of his parents who were on
the verge of being evicted from their humble dwelling
4.The man rid not have respect for things or money and while
people did not have a place to stay, he had bought a flat which
he rid not even use
China’s massive subsidization of its steel industry is having
consequences that are truly global. By expanding its steel
industry by Government fiat, rather than in response to the
demands of the market, China has skewed the entire world
market in steel and in the inputs used to make steel. In doing so,
it has directly injured both foreign steel producers and steel

consuming industries in other countries. China’s explosive growth
between 2000 and the present required massive amounts of
steel, and indeed, during much of this period China was the
world’s leading steel importer. By building up its steel industry to
artificial levels, though, China deprived steel producers in other
countries of valuable sales. This is significant, because steel is a
highly cyclical industry. Not surprisingly, the rapid expansion of
steel making capacity in China led first to the replacement of
imports, and then to a boom in exports. In product line after
product line, Chinese exports have flooded world markets, driving
down prices. The world in many ways constitutes an integrated
market for steel. Through a dramatic
expansion in capacity fueled largely by subsidies and Government
lending, the Chinese steel industry is destabilizing that market.
Foreign steel producers are not the only ones harmed by the
subsidized expansion of the Chinese steel industry. Foreign steel
consumers have also been injured. The expansion of the steel
industry is only part of the Chinese Government’s plan for the
development of the Chinese economy. The Chinese Government
is also encouraging the development of manufacturing industries
that use steel.
Manufacturers of products that are steelintensive, such as
automotive parts and appliances, are seeing increasing
competition from Chinese producers who have access to
subsidized domestic steel. Subsidized steel is going to
manufacture components in China that ultimately end up in the
United States and replace American steel. Indeed, American
consumers report that they can import finished parts cheaper
from China than they can buy the steel here. At the same time
that U.S. steel producers are seeing increased Imports caused,
directly and indirectly, by increased Chinese production, we are
also seeing many of our domestic customers move production to
China, or go out of business altogether.
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 1) Which of the options most closely describes ‘by Government
a) In response to Government order
b) Before the Chinese Government ordered
c) With the help of Chinese owned fiat company

d) In keeping with Government intuition
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 2) How have US steel consumers gotten affected as a result of
Chinese steel?
a) Import from China has become very easy and hence there is
no need to manufacture
the finished product in the US
b) Subsidized Chinese steel which is not of very high quality is
affecting quality of finished product
c) Demand for steel is less than supply from China, leading
smaller US steel consumers to shut down business
d) Raw material in America costs more than the finished product
in China and hence production is unfeasible
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 3) What does “dramatic expansion” indicate?
a) Artificial expansion
b) Noticeable expansion
c) Unstable expansion
d) Unreal expansion
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 4) What is the main motive behind expansion of steel industry
in China?
a) Increased returns as a result of higher market share globally
b) Replacing imports and growth of Chinese economy
c) Driving out foreign producers and consumers from the world
market of steel
d) Make a global impact in all industries, beginning with steel

Fasting is an act of homage to the majesty of appetite. So I think
we should arrange to give up our pleasures regularlyour food, our
friends, our loversin
order to preserve their intensity, and the moment of coming back
to them. For this is the moment that renews and refreshes both
oneself and the thing one loves. Sailors and travelers enjoyed this
once, and so did hunters, I suppose. Part of the weariness of
modern life may be that we live too much on top of each other,
and are entertained and fed too regularly. Once we were
separated by hunger both from our food and families, and then
we learned to value both. The men went off hunting, and the
dogs went with them; the women and children waved goodbye.
The cave was empty of men for days on end; nobody ate, or
knew what to do. The women crouched by the fire, the wet
smoke in their eyes; the children wailed; everybody was hungry.
Then one night there were shouts and the barking of dogs from
the hills, and the men came back loaded with meat. This was the
great reunion, and everybody gorged themselves silly, and
appetite came into its own; the long awaited meal became a feast
to remember and an almost sacred celebration of life. Now we go
off to the office and come home in the evenings to cheap chicken
and frozen peas. Very nice, but too much of it, too easy and
regular, served up without effort or wanting. We eat, we are
lucky, our faces are shining with fat, but we don’t know the
pleasure of being hungry any more. Too much of anything too
much music, entertainment, happy snacks, or time spent with
one’s friendscreates a kind of impotence of living by which one
can no longer hear, or taste, or see, or love, or remember. Life is
short and precious, and appetite is one of its guardians, and loss
of appetite is a sort of death. So if we are to enjoy this short life
we should respect the divinity of appetite, and keep it eager and
not too much blunted.
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 1) What is the author’s main argument in the passage?
a) The olden times, when the roles of men and women were
clearly divided, were far more enjoyable than the present time
b) There is not enough effort required anymore to obtain food
and hence the pleasure derived is not the same

c) People who don’t have enough to eat enjoy life much more
than those who have plentiful
d) We should deny ourselves pleasures once in a while in order to
whet our desires and feel more alive
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 2) What are the benefits of fasting?
a) It is an act against the drawbacks of appetite
b) It brings joy in eating, and one learns to appreciate food
c) It is the method to understand how civilization evolved
d) It is a punishment for the greedy and unkind
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 3) What commonality has been highlighted between the sailors
and hunters?
a) Neither were fed nor entertained regularly
b) They renew and refresh themselves regularly
c) They were regularly separated from their loved ones and
things they liked
d) The roles of men and women were clearly divided for both
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 4) ‘The long awaited meal became a feast to remember and an
almost sacred celebration of life’, what does this line imply?
a) After so many days of being hungry, the cave men and women
felt alive once again after eating the food
b) People respected and were thankful for getting food after days
of being hungry and also of being united with their loved ones
c) Cave men and women ate and celebrated together with the
entire community making the feast really enjoyable
d) Cave men and women enjoyed themselves in the feast and
performed a ceremony to thank the Gods for their safe return
back home

In response to recent rise in gas prices, we are once again
hearing calls for the government to “do something” to force
prices lower. But no matter what the price of gasoline is, such
calls are wrong. All market fluctuations in the price of gasoline,
up or down, are a good thing and none of the government’s
In the realm of business, a higher price means that firms will only
purchase oil r gasoline to the extent that they can make
profitable use of it at those prices. An efficient airline will still be
able to offer low prices while using highpriced jet fuel; a less
efficient airline may not be able to. A company in China or India
that uses oil to run highly efficient factories can make profitable
use of oil at $70 a barrel; their laggard competitors may not be
able to. There is no moral or economic justification for any
politician or consumer to declare market prices “too high,” and to
use the government to force lower prices. Doing so violates both
the rights of gasoline producers and their productive customers to
set voluntary prices and thus causes destructive shortages. The
government is right in taking action if an oil company provably
threatens or harms a person’s property. But to impose huge costs
on oil companies and their customers in the name of preserving
untouched nature is unconscionable. What should the
government do about gasoline prices? Get its hands out of the
market and keep them off.
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.Question
• 1)How do high oil prices affect companies?
a) Efficient companies can make profitable use of these prices
b) Inefficient factories are provided subsidies by the government
c) It provides stability for the fluctuating market
d) There is a marginal effect on profits
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 2) What is the meaning of ‘laggard’?
a) Complicate situations for one’s benefit
b) Move or respond slowly
c) Respond fast in crucial circumstances
d) Increase efficiency in short period of time

Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 3) What is the conflict regarding market fluctuation in prices?
a) Oil prices are being lowered forcefully by companies
b) Companies are making no effort to stabilize prices
c) Importance of government intervention is negligible, contrary
to popular belief
d) Market is suffering with government’s future plans of control
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 4) Why should the government not intervene in lowering prices?
a) Market prices are governed by monopolistic competition
b) Rights of producers will be violated with the intervention
c) Massive costs to companies are not advisable during financial
d) Preserving oil for future generations should be in the hands of
Personal development is the pursuit of developing, honing and
mastering the skills that help us become the best that we can,
with all that we have. It is the reaching for, and the realizing of,
our full potential as human beings. We all want to live full,
productive lives but, sometimes we just don’t know where to
begin. There is so much information’out there’ that it can be
overwhelming and hard to sort. Depending on the problem, what
seems to work for one person, may not necessarily work for
everyone. There are so many different programs, strategies and
techniques that it is hard to chose the right one. One thing,
however, is certain. If we want to accomplish anything in life and
realize our full potential, we must have some skills in this case,
life skills. You begin by establishing a firm foundation. That
foundation is “you”. You must know who you are, hat you want,
and what you are capable of. You must then determine which
values, goals and principles you will set up to guide your actions.
Often, the hardest part in any endeavor is getting started,
however once you do, there is a surprising snowball effect. You
will begin to feel good about what you’re doing and you’ll want to

continue. You will want to keep improving yourself and you’ll
want to become he best that you can be. As you continue on the
journey of personal development you will become aware that
there is so much knowledge and information to be discovered and
uncovered than you ever thought possible; knowledge about
yourself, knowledge about others, knowledge about life and the
world around you. The good news is that acquiring Essential Life
Skills will not only contribute to your personal growth and
development, it will make you a more interesting and dynamic
individual. What good is all the financial success in the world if
you don’t have selfconfidence or high selfesteem, know who you
really are, what you want, or what you’re doing here? We’ve all
witnessed many outwardly successful and famous people who
have not been able to find personal happiness. No amount of
fame or fortune could fill the void they felt inside.
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 1) Why are life skills essential for personal growth?
a) It is important to acquire skills that help one fit into the society
b) Growth of an individual is incomplete without proper skills and
c) One can be happy by acquiring life skills, not by measuring
d) These skills highlight the negative aspects of our personality
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 2) What can you infer from the term ‘snowball effect’?
a) Downward trends such as feeling low about oneself are
observed in people
b) to pursue knowledge, and improve oneself
c) Excess of knowledge can confuse a person
d) Improving life skills requires tremendous effort and
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 3) Which of the following best describes the ‘foundation’?
a) Be clear about life and occurrence of circumstances

b) Be free and explore unseen dimensions of living life
c) Discover yourself and your qualities
d) Master the skills that will help you achieve your goals
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 4) What problems can we face in the beginning of personality
a) Abundance of problems makes it difficult to deal with them
b) Personality has various sides which are difficult to comprehend
c) There is no proper channel through which one can learn about
d) Different methods available to help us may not work effectively
for all
The Kingdom of Spain was created in 1492 with the unification of
the Kingdom of Castile and the Kingdom of Aragon. For the next
three centuries Spain was the most important colonial power in
the world. It was the most powerful state in Europe and the
foremost global power during the 16th century and the greater
part of the 17th century. Spain established a vast empire in the
Americas, stretching from California to Patagonia, and colonies in
the western Pacific.
Spain’s European wars, however, led to economic damage, and
the latter part of the 17th century saw a gradual decline of power
under an increasingly neglectful and inept Habsburg regime. The
decline culminated in the War of the Spanish Succession, where
Spain’s decline from the position of a leading Western power, to
that of a secondary one, was confirmed, although it remained the
leading colonial power. The eighteenth century saw a new
dynasty, the Bourbons, which directed considerable effort
towards the institutional renewal of the state, with some success,
peaking in a successful involvement in the American War of
Independence. The end of the eighteenth and the start of the
nineteenth centuries saw turmoil unleashed throughout Europe by
the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, which finally led
to a French occupation of much of the continent, including Spain.
This triggered a successful but devastating war of independence
that shattered the country and created an opening for what would

ultimately be the successful independence of Spain’s mainland
American colonies.Following a period of growing political
instability in the early twentieth century, in 1936 Spain was
plunged into a bloody civil war. The war ended in a nationalist
dictatorshiped by Francisco Franco which controlled the Spanish
government until 1975.
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 1) What was the result of Napoleanic wars?
a) A small part of the continent was occupied by French people
b) Spain was occupied by the French
c) War of independence was unable to yield any positive result
d) American colonies were destroyed after the war
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 2) What is the meaning of the term ‘culminated’?
a) Follow a particular path
b) Guide or transform
c) Reach the highest point
d) Introduce on a grand scale
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 3) What is the summary of the passage?
a) The rise and fall of a national empire
b) The downfall of successive regimes in Spain
c) The history of Spain
d) Spain in eighteenth century
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 4) What occurred in the latter part of 17th century?
a) War of succession confirmed the leading position of Spain
b) Spain was no longer regarded as the ruling colonial power
c) A vast empire was established in Europe
d) Power steadily declined under Habsburg regime

The unique Iron Age Experimental Centre at Lejre, about 40 km
west of Copenhagen, serves as a museum, a classroom and a
place to get away from it all. How did people live during the Iron
Age? How did they support themselves? What did they eat and
how did they cultivate the land? These and a myriad of other
questions prodded the pioneers of the Lejre experiment.
Living in the open and working 10 hours a day, volunteers from
all over Scandinavia led by 30 experts, built the first village in the
ancient encampment in a matter of months. The house walls
were of clay, the roofs of hay all
based on original designs. Then came the second stage getting
back to the basics of living. Families were invited to stay in the
‘prehistoric village’ for a week or two at a time and rough it Iron
Agestyle. Initially, this experiment proved none too easy for
modern Danes accustomed to central heating, but it convinced
the centre that there was something to the Lejre project. Little by
little, the modern Iron Agers learnt that their huts were, after all,
habitable. The
problems were numerous smokebelching out from the rough and
ready fireplaces into the rooms and so on. These problems,
however, have led to some discoveries: domed smoke ovens
made of clay, for example, give out more heat and consume less
fuel than an open fire, and when correctly stoked, they are
practically smokeless.By contacting other museums, the Lejre
team has been able to reconstruct ancient weaving looms and
pottery kilns. Iron Age dyeing techniques, using local natural
vegetation, have also been revived, as have ancient baking and
cooking methods.
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 1) What is the main purpose of building the Iron Age
experimental center?
a) Prehistoric village where people can stay for a week or two to
get away from modern living
b) Replicate the Iron Age to get a better understanding of the
time and people of that era
c) To discover the differences between a doomed smoke oven
and an open fire to identify the more efficient of the two

d) Revive activities of ancient women such as weaving, pottery,
dyeing, cooking and baking
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 2) What is the meaning of the sentence “Initially, this
experiment proved none too easy for modern Danes accustomed
to central heating, but it convinced the centre that there was
something to the Lejre project.”?
a) Even though staying in the huts wasn’t easy for the modern
people, the centre saw merit in the simple living within huts
compared to expensive apartments
b) Staying in the huts was quite easy for the modern people and
the centre also saw merit in the simple living within huts
compared to expensive apartments
c) The way of living of the Iron Age proved difficult for the people
of the modern age who are used to living in luxury
d) The way of living of the Iron Age proved very easy for the
people of the modern age since it was hot inside the huts, and
they were anyway used to heated rooms
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 3) What can be the title of the passage?
a) Modern techniques find their way into prehistoric villages
b) Coexistence of ancient and modern times
c) Glad to be living in the 21st Century
d) Turning back time
Select the correct answer option based on the passage.
• 4) From the passage what can be inferred to be the centre’s
initial outlook towards the Lejre project?
a) It initiated the project
b) It eagerly supported it
c) It felt the project was very unique
d) It was apprehensive about it

The Stratosphere, specifically, the lower Stratosphere has, it
seems, been drying out. Water vapor is a greenhouse gas, and
the cooling effect on the Earth’s climate due to this desiccation
may account for a fair bit of the slowdown in the rise of global
temperatures seen over the past ten years. The Stratosphere sits
on top of the Troposphere, the lowest, densest layer of the
The boundary between the two, the Tropopause, is about 18km
above your head, if you are in the tropics, and a few kilometers
lower if you are at higher latitudes (or up a mountain). In the
Troposphere, the air at higher altitudes is in general cooler than
the airbelow it, an unstable situation in which warm and often
moist air below is endlessly buoying up into cooler air above. The
resultant commotion creates clouds, storms and much of the rest
of the world’s weather. In the Stratosphere, the air gets warmer
at higher altitudes, which provides stability.
The Stratosphere which extends up to about 55km, where the
Mesosphere begins, is made even less weather prone by the
absence of water vapor, and thus of the clouds and precipitation
to which it leads. This is because the top of the Troposphere is
normally very cold, causing ascending water vapor to freeze into
ice crystals that drift and fall, rather than continuing up into the
Stratosphere. A little water manages to get past this cold trap.
But as Dr Solomon and her colleagues note, satellite
measurements show that rather less has been doing so over the
past ten years than was the case previously. Plugging the
changes in water vapor into a climate model that looks at the way
different substances absorb and emit infrared radiation, they
conclude that between 2000 and 2009 a drop in the Stratospheric
water vapor of less than one part per million slowed the rate of
warming at the Earth’s surface by about 25%.
Such a small change in Stratospheric water vapor can have such
a large effect precisely because the Stratosphere is already dry. It
is the relative change in the amount of a greenhouse gas, not its
absolute level, which determines how much warming it can
1) What is the order of layers in the atmosphere, starting from
the lowermost and going to the topmost?
a) Tropopause, Troposphere, Mesosphere, Stratosphere
b) Troposphere, Tropopause, Stratosphere, Mesosphere
c) Troposphere, Tropopause, Mesosphere, Stratosphere

d) Troposphere, Stratosphere, Tropopause, Mesosphere
2) What accounts for the absence of water vapor in stratosphere?
a) The layer of Stratosphere is situated too far above for the
water vapor to reachd
b) Rising global temperatures, leading to reduced water vapor
that gets absorbed in the Troposphere
c)The greenhouse gas gets absorbed by the clouds in the
Troposphere and comes downas rain
d) Before the vapor can rise up, it has to pass through below
freezing temperatures and turns into ice
3) What in the passage has been cited as the main reason
affecting global temperatures?
a) Relative change in water vapor content in the Stratosphere
b) Drop in Stratospheric water vapor of less than one part per
c) The extreme dryness in the Stratosphere
d) Absorption and emission of infrared radiation by different
4) Why is the situation in the troposphere defined as unstable?
a)Because, unlike the Stratosphere, there is too much water
vapor in the Troposphere
b)Because the Troposphere is not directly linked to the
Stratosphere, but through the Tropopause which creates much of
the world’s weather
c) Because of the interaction between warm and cool air which is
unpredictable in nature and can lead to storms
d) Because this layer of the atmosphere is very cloudy and can
lead to weather related disruptions