AMCAT Reading comprehension previous questions with Solutions – 6
The unique Iron Age Experimental Centre at Lejre, about 40 km west of Copenhagen, serves as a museum, a classroom and a place to get away from it all. How did people live during the Iron Age? How did they support themselves? What did they eat and how did they cultivate the land? These and a myriad of other questions prodded the pioneers of the Lejre experiment. Living in the open and working 10 hours a day, volunteers from all over Scandinavia led by 30 experts, built the first village in the ancient encampment in a matter of months. The house walls were of clay, the roofs of hay – all based on original designs. Then came the second stage – getting back to the basics of living. Families were invited to stay in the ‘prehistoric village’ for a week or two at a time and rough it Iron Age-style. Initially, this experiment proved none too easy for modern Danes accustomed to central heating, but it convinced the centre that there was something to the Lejre project. Little by little, the modern Iron Agers learnt that their huts were, after all, habitable. The problems were numerous – smoke belching out from the rough-and-ready fireplaces into the rooms and so on. These problems, however, have led to some discoveries: domed smoke ovens made of clay, for example, give out more heat and consume less fuel than an open fire, and when correctly stoked, they are practically smokeless. By contacting other museums, the Lejre team has been able to reconstruct ancient weaving looms and pottery kilns. Iron Age dyeing techniques, using local natural vegetation, have also been revived, as have ancient baking and cooking methods.
1. What is the main purpose of building the Iron Age experimental center?
(A) Prehistoric village where people can stay for a week or two to get away from modern living.
(B) Replicate the Iron Age to get a better understanding of the time and people of that era.
(C) To discover the differences between a doomed smoke oven and an open fire to identity the more efficient of the two.
(D) Revive activities of ancient women such as weaving, pottery, dyeing, cooking and baking.
2) From the passage what can be inferred to be the centre’s initial outlook towards the Lejre project?
(A) It initiated the project (B) It eagerly supported it
(C) It felt the project was very unique (D) It was apprehensive about it
3)What is the meaning of the sentence “Initially, this experiment proved none to easy for modern Danes accustomed to central heating, but it convinced the centre that there was something to the Lejre project.”?
(A) Even though staying in the huts was not easy for the modern people, the centre saw merit in the simple living within huts compared to expensive apartments
(B) Staying in the huts was quite easy for the modern people and the centre also saw merit in the sample living within huts compared to expensive apartments.
(C) The way of living of the Iron Age proved difficult for the people of the modern age who are used to living in luxury
(D) The way of living of the Iron Age proved very easy for the people of the modern age since it was hot inside the huts, and they were anyway used to heated rooms.
4)What can be the title of the passage?
(A) Modern techniques find their way into pre-historic villages
(B) Co-existence of ancient and modern times
(C) Glad to be living in the 21st century (D) Turning back time
AMCAT Passage : Environmental toxins which can affect children are frighteningly commonplace. Besides lead, there are other heavy metals such as mercury, which is found frequently in fish, that are spewed into the air from coal-fired power plants, says Maureen Swanson, MPA, director of the Healthy Children Project at the Learning Disabilities Association of America. Mercury exposure can impair children‘s memory, attention, and language abilities and interfere with fine motor and visual spatial skills. A recent study of school districts in Texas showed significantly higher levels of autism in areas with elevated levels of mercury in the environment. ―Researchers are finding harmful effects at lower and lower levels of exposure, says Swanson. ―They‘re now telling us that they don‘t know if there‘s a level of mercury that‘s safe. Unfortunately, some of these chemicals make good flame retardants and have been widely used in everything from upholstery to televisions to children‘s clothing. Studies have found them in high levels in household dust, as well as in breast milk. Two categories of these flame retardants have been banned in Europe and are starting to be banned by different states in the United States. The number of toxins in our environment that can affect children may seem overwhelming at times. On at least some fronts, however, there is progress in making the world a cleaner place for kids—and just possibly, reducing the number of learning disabilities and neurological problems.With a number of efforts to clean up the environment stalled at the federal level, many state governments are starting to lead the way.And rather than tackle one chemical at a time, at least eight states are considering plans for comprehensive chemical reform bills, which would take toxic chemicals off the market.
1. “Besides lead, there are other heavy metals such as mercury, which are found frequently in fish, that are spewed into the air from coal-fired power plants”. How can this line be worded differently.
A. Besides lead, mercury is another heavy metal which is found frequently in discarded fish cooked in coal-fired power plants.
B. Besides lead, fish contains mercury which is a heavy metal ejected in the air from power plants using coal.
C. Fish, contains mercury which is released in the air as industrial waste and which is also a heavy metal like lead.
D. Mercury relaeased in the air as industrial waste is another heavy metal like lead, found in fish.
2. All these are harmful effect of mercury in the children EXEPT
A. Affect driving skill B. Causes attention deficits ordered
C. lead to nurological problems D. Impacts ability to learn language
3.”Reasearcher are finding harmful effects at a lower level of exposer “How can this line be interpreted? A. Lower level of exposure are harmful B. Harmful effects from exposure are becoming less intense
C. Amount of clothing has an impact on harmful effect D. Even little exposure, can cause harm