AMCAT Coding deductive logic

Ques 1: Statement

State Government imposes a monthly tax on the salary of all the employees. The tax amount varies according to the income slab. The Central Government also imposes tax. This is against the theory of taxation.

Conclusions

  1. A regular collection, irrespective of the income slab, by the Central Government is the income tax
  2. The Central Government should not collect any tax on income

III. Income tax should not vary according to the income slabs

  1. Tax should be imposed only once on an individual

Option 1: if only Conclusion I follows

Option 2: if only Conclusion II follows

Option 3: if either I or II follows

Option 4: if neither I nor II follows

                                                                

Ques 2 : Statement

Half of the villagers of a certain village have their own houses. One-fifth of the villagers cultivate paddy. One-third of the villagers are literate. Four-fifth of the villagers are below twenty five. Then, which one of the following is certainly true?

Option 1: I. All the villagers who have their own houses are literate

Option 2: II. Some villagers under twenty five are literate

Option 3: III. A quarter of the villages who have their own houses cultivate paddy

Option 4: IV. Half of the villagers who cultivate paddy are literate

 

 

Ques 3 : Statement:

Nobody advise motorcyclists and pillion-riders in Britain, Holland, Italy and other countries to wear helmets. It is a matter of sheer common sense and elementary prudence.

Conclusions:

  1. The citizens of Britain, Holland and Italy are literate.
  2. The citizens of Britain , Holland and Italy are conscious regarding their safety .

Option 1: if only conclusion I follows

Option 2: if only conclusion II follows

Option 3: if either I or II follows

Option 4: if neither I nor II follows, and

Option 5: if both I and II follow

 

 

Ques 4 : Statement.

National integration is necessary because there are diversities in India.

Conclusions.

  1. India is a country of people with diverse cultures, different languages and different social and economic setups.
  2. Ours is a disintegrated nation.

Option 1: If Conclusion I follows

Option 2: If Conclusion II follows

Option 3: If neither Conclusion I nor II follows

Option 4: If both Conclusions I and II follow

 

Ques 5) Statement – The migration from villages to cities is detrimental to development of villages.

Courses of Action –

  1. Sufficient number of colleges should be set up in rural area and a special boost should be provided to the employers to set up relevant industries there.
  2. Employment generation scheme should be launched in rural areas.

Option 1 : Only I follows

Option 2 : Only II follows

Option 3 : None follow

Option 4 : Neither I nor II follows

Option 5 : Both I and II follow

 

Ques 6) Statement – America is not likely to grant Pakistan’s request for $300 billion fast disbursing loan for the current year.

Courses of Action – I. Pakistan should ask other countries for the loan.

  1. Pakistan should talk to America to grant the loan giving it persuasive reasons and explaining the urgency.

Option 1 : Only I follows

Option 2 : Only II follows

Option 3 : Either I or II follows

Option 4 : Neither I nor II follow

Option 5 : Both I and II follow

 

Ques 7) In the following question, a statement/group of statements is given followed by some conclusions. Without resolving anything yourself, choose the conclusion which logically follows from the statement(s).

Statement – Oligopoly is characterised by presence of competition.

The 5G broadband services are provided only by Company X.

Option 1 : The X company is a corrupt company.

Option 2 : The X company is publicly owned.

Option 3 : The X company’s market is monopolistic.

Option 4 : The X company has many competitors.

 

Ques 8) In the following question, a statement/group of statements is given followed by some conclusions.

Without resolving anything yourself, choose the conclusion which logically follows from the statement(s).

Statement – All that glitters is not gold.

Option 1 : Non-metals also glitter.

Option 2 : Not all gems glitter.

Option 3 : Only diamond glitters.

Option 4 : There may be deception in glittering things.

 

Question 9)  Statement – I. Some cables are keyboard.

  1. All cables are monitors.

Conclusion – I. Some monitors are keyboard.

  1. Some monitors are not keyboard.

Option 1 : Only I follows

Option 2 : Only II follows

Option 3 : Either I or II follows

Option 4 : Neither I nor II follows

Option 5 : Both I and II follow

 

 

Question 10)  Statement – I. All eyes are ears.

  1. All ears are noses.

Conclusion – I. No eyes are ears.

  1. Some noses are eyes.

Option 1 : Only I follows

Option 2 : Only II follows

Option 3 : Either I or II follows

Option 4 : Neither I nor II follows

Option 5 : Both I and II follow

 

 

Ques 11) Statement – During the recent Diwali season, there was a rise in criminal activities.

Courses of Action – I. The police should immediately investigate into this.

  1. The police should take adequate precautions to avoid thefts during Diwali season.

III. The known criminals should be arrested before any such season.

Option 1 : Only I follows

Option 2 : Only II follows

Option 3 : Both I and II follow

Option 4 : Neither I nor II follows

Option 5 : Either I or II follows

 

 

Ques 12) Statement – Increase in the pollution levels in the city by way of automobile exhaustions poses a severe threat to the inhabitants.

Courses of Action – I. All the automobile factories in the city should immediately be closed.

  1. Government should run programs to promote the use of public transport and car-pooling by commuters.

III. The Government should allow only licensed factories and vehicles.

Option 1 : Only I follows

Option 2 : Only II follows

Option 3 : Only III follows

Option 4 : Neither I nor II follows

Option 5 : Both II and III follow

 

Ques 13) In the following question, a statement/group of statements is given followed by some conclusions. Without resolving anything yourself, choose the conclusion which logically follows from the statement(s).

Three-fourths of the students consisting of 20 boys and 12 girls play badminton.

Option 1 : Girls are poor players.

Option 2 : Badminton is compulsory in this school.

Option 3 : One-fourth of the boys do not play badminton.

Option 4 : None of these

 

Ques 14) In the following question, a statement/group of statements is given followed by some conclusions. Without resolving anything yourself, choose the conclusion which logically follows from the statement(s).

Every museum displays interesting pieces.

Option 1 : Interesting pieces are only in the museum.

Option 2 : Museums were meant for artefacts only.

Option 3 : No museum is without display pieces.

Option 4 : Some museums have no visitors.